Please email me if you’d like a pdf copy of a publication, or see my Google Scholar profile. Bold font indicates current or past lab members.


Karaakka, L.,  Rothey, J., and Dee, L.E. Trends in forest carbon offset markets in the United States.

Van Kluenen, L., Peterson, K., Hayden, M., Keyes, A., Schwartz, A., Li, H. and Dee, L.E. Predicting novel species interactions and the consequences for management. Forthcoming.


Dee, L.E., Ferraro, P.J., Severen, C., Kimmel, K. Borer, E., and Nutrient Network. In Press. Clarifying the effect of biodiversity on productivity in natural ecosystems with longitudinal data and methods for causal inference. Nature Communications.


Halpern, B., et al. In Press. Priorities for synthesis research in Ecology and Environmental Science. EcoSphere. 


Ashander, J., Kroetz, K, Epanchin-Neill, R, Haight, R., Phelps, N., and Dee, L.E. (2022) Network metrics can guide nearly-optimal management of invasive species at large scales. Nature Sustainability 5 (9), 762-769.  From our NSF SESYNC synthesis group on optimal policy design using social-ecological networks co-led with Kailin Kroetz.


Ratcliffe, H., Ahlering, M., Carlson, D., Vacek, S., Allstadt, A. & Dee, L.E. (2022). Invasive species do not exploit early growing seasons in burned tallgrass prairies. Ecol. Appl. doi/10.1002/eap.2641. 


Morton, D.N., Keyes, A., Barner, A.K. & Dee, L.E. (2022). Merging theory and experiments to predict and understand coextinctions. Trends Ecol. Evol., 1–13. 10.1016/j.tree.2022.06.004.


Gatti, R. et al (including L.E. Dee + the Global Forest Biodiversity Initiative) (2022). The number of tree species on earth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119 (6) e2115329119. 


Dee, L. E., & Keyes, A. (2022) Analyzing Ecosystem Services as Part of Ecological Networks in Three Salt Marsh Ecosystems. Ecology 103(3): e3609.


Felipe-Lucia MR, Guerrero AM, Alexander SM, Ashander J, Baggio JA, Barnes ML, Bodin Ö, Bonn A, Fortin MJ, *Friedman RS, Gephart JA, Helmstedt KJ, Keyes AA, Kroetz K, Massol F, Pocock MJO, **Sayles J, Thompson RM, Wood SA, Dee LE (2022) Conceptualizing ecosystem services using social–ecological networks. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 37(3):211–222. From our NSF SESYNC synthesis group on social-ecological networks for governance of ecosystem services co-led with Angela Guerrero and Rachel Friedman


Isbell F, Balvanera P, Mori AS, He JS, Bullock JM, Regmi GR, Seabloom EW, Ferrier S, Sala OE, Guerrero-Ramírez NR, Tavella J, Larkin DJ, Schmid B, Outhwaite CL, Pramual P, Borer ET, Loreau M, Omotoriogun TC, Obura DO, Anderson M, Portales-Reyes C, Kirkman K, Vergara PM, Clark AT, Komatsu KJ, Petchey OL, Weiskopf SR, Williams LJ, Collins SL, Eisenhauer N, Trisos CH, Renard D, Wright AJ, Tripathi P, Cowles J, Byrnes JEK, Reich PB, Purvis A, Sharip Z, O’Connor MI, Kazanski CE, Haddad NM, Soto EH, Dee LE, Díaz S, Zirbel CR, Avolio ML, Wang S, Ma Z, Liang J, Farah HC, Johnson JA, Miller BW, Hautier Y, Smith MD, Knops JMH, Myers BJE, Harmáčková Z V., Cortés J, Harfoot MBJ, Gonzalez A, Newbold T, Oehri J, Mazón M, Dobbs C, Palmer MS (2022) Expert perspectives on global biodiversity loss and its drivers and impacts on people. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, From our NSF LTER synthesis group on scaling biodiversity-productivity relationships, co-led with Forest Isbell and Jane Cowles.


Leadley P, Gonzalez A, Obura D, Krug CB, Londoño-Murcia MC, Millette KL, Radulovici A, Rankovic A, Shannon LJ, Archer E, Armah FA, Bax N, Chaudhari K, Costello MJ, Dávalos LM, Roque F de O, DeClerck F, Dee LE, Essl F, Ferrier S, Genovesi P, Guariguata MR, Hashimoto S, Ifejika Speranza C, Isbell F, Kok M, Lavery SD, Leclère D, Loyola R, Lwasa S, McGeoch M, Mori AS, Nicholson E, Ochoa JM, Öllerer K, Polasky S, Rondinini C, Schroer S, Selomane O, Shen X, Strassburg B, Sumaila UR, Tittensor DP, Turak E, Urbina L, Vallejos M, Vázquez-Domínguez E, Verburg PH, Visconti P, Woodley S, Xu J (2022) Achieving global biodiversity goals by 2050 requires urgent and integrated actions. One Earth, 5(6):597–603. Outcome from the GEOBON expert group to the COP for the Convention on Biodiversity.


Kimmel, K., Dee, L.E., Avolio, M., Ferraro, P. Causal Inference in Ecological Experiments. (2021) Trends in Ecology and Evolution 36 (12), 1141-1152.


O’Connor MI, Mori AS, Gonzalez A, Dee LE, Loreau M, Avolio M, Byrnes JEK, Cheung W, Cowles J, Clark AT, Hautier Y, Hector A, Komatsu K, Newbold T, Outhwaite CL, Reich PB, Seabloom E, Williams L, Wright A, Isbell F (2021) Grand challenges in biodiversity–ecosystem functioning research in the era of science–policy platforms require explicit consideration of feedbacks. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288(1960) From our NSF LTER synthesis group on scaling biodiversity-productivity relationships, co-led with Forest Isbell and Jane Cowles.


Karaakka, L., Cornett, M., Domke, G, Ontl, T., and Dee, L.E. (2021) Improved forest management as a natural climate solution. Ecological Solutions and Evidence 2 (3), e12090. 


Loreau M, Barbier M, Filotas E, Gravel D, Isbell F, Miller SJ, Montoya JM, Wang S, Aussenac R, Germain R, Thompson PL, Gonzalez A, and Dee LE (2021) Biodiversity as insurance: from concept to measurement and application. Biological Reviews, 96(5):2333–2354.


Keyes, A.A., McLaughlin, J.P., Barner, A.K. & Dee, L.E. (2021). An ecological network approach to predict ecosystem service vulnerability to species losses. Nat. Commun., 12 (1), 1-11.


Mori, A. S., Dee, L. E., Gonzalez, A., Kei-ichi, O., Cowles, J., Hautier, Y., Loreau, M., Matsui, T.,  Newbold, T., Ohashi, H., Reich, P., Seidl, R., Wright, A., Isbell, F. (2021) Tree biodiversity provides a nature-based climate solution. Nature Climate Change 11(6), 543-550. From our NSF LTER synthesis group on scaling biodiversity-productivity relationships.


Beauchesne, D., Cazelles, K., Archambault, P., Dee, L.E. & Gravel, D. (2021). On the sensitivity of food webs to multiple stressors. Ecol. Lett., 24, 2219–2237.


Thompson, P., Kefi, S., Zelnik, Y., Dee, L., Wang, S., De Mazancourt, C., Loreau, M., Gonzalez, A. (2021) Scaling up biodiversity ecosystem functioning relationships: the role of environmental heterogeneity in space and time. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 288 (1946), 20202779.


Wang, S., Isbell, F, Deng, W., Hong, P., Dee, L.E., Thompson, P., and Loreau, M. (2021) How complementarity and selection affect the relationship between ecosystem functioning and stability. Ecology 102 (6), e03347.


Forrester, C., Davies, K.F., Dee, L., and Corwin, L. (2021) Ain’t No Mountain Pine Enough: A Case Study of How Mountain Pine Beetles are Affecting Ecosystem Processes. CourseSource 8. 


Seabloom, E., et al (including L.E. Dee + contributors from the Nutrient Network).  (2021) Increasing Effects of Chronic Nutrient Enrichment on Plant Diversity Loss and Ecosystem Productivity Over Time. Ecology.102 (2), e03218. 



Hautier, Y. et al.  including L.E. Dee + contributors from NSF LTER synthesis working group and Nutrient Network). (2020) Eutrophication destabilizes grassland productivity at multiple scales, Nature Communications 12(1). Role: co-lead working group where project was conceived, contributed to conception, provided input on the analysis design and interpretation, provided revisions. From our NSF LTER synthesis group on scaling biodiversity-productivity relationships.


Jacob, U., Beckerman, A., Antonijevic, M., Dee, L. E., Eklöf, A., Possingham, H., Thompson, R., Webb, T., Halpern, B. Marine Conservation: Towards a multi-layered network approach. (2020) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 375 (1814), 20190459. Special issue on “Integrative Research Perspectives on Marine Conservation.” 


Dee, L. E., Okamoto, D., Gardmark, A., Montoya, J., Miller, S.J. (2020) Temperature variability alters the stability and thresholds for collapse of interacting species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 375 (1814), 20190457. Special issue on “Integrative Research Perspectives on Marine Conservation.” 


Gonzalez A., Germain R., Srivastava D., Filotas E., Dee L.E., Gravel, D., Thompson P., Dominguez-Garcia, V., Isbell F., Kefi S., Montoya J., Zelnick, Y., Loreau M. (2020) Scaling-up biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research. Ecology Letters 23: 757–776.

Dee, L.E., Cowles, J., Isbell, F., Pau, S., Gaines, S., Reich P. (2019) When do ecosystem services depend on rare species? Trends in Ecology & Evolution. [pdf here] See a web story about the paper by NCEAS: here

Xiao, H., McDonald-Madden, E., Sabbadin, R., Peyrard, N., Dee, L.E., Chades, I. (2019) The value of understanding feedbacks between ecosystem function and species for managing ecosystems. Nature Communications 10(1): 10-1. 

Bodin, Ö., Alexander, S., Baggio, J., Barnes, M., Berardo, R., Cumming, G., Dee, L.E. (2019) Improving network approaches to the study of complex social-ecological interdependencies. Nature Sustainability 2: 551-559.

Kimmel, K., Dee, L.E., Tilman, D., Aubin, I., Boenisch , Catford, J., Kattge, J., Weiher, E., Isbell, F. (2019) Chronic fertilization and irrigation gradually and increasingly restructure grassland communities. Ecosphere 10(3) e02625.  [here]

Dee, L.E., Karr, K.A., Landesberg, C.J. & Thornhill, D.J. (2019) Assessing Vulnerability of Fish in the U.S. Marine Aquarium Trade. Front. Mar. Sci., 5, 1–9. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00527

Miller, S., Rassweiler, A., Dee, L.E., Kleisner, K., Mangin, T., Oliveros-Ramos, R., Tam, J., Chavez, F., Ñiquen, M., Lester, S., M. Burden, Gaines, S., Costello, C. (2019) Optimal harvest responses to environmental forecasts depend on resource knowledge and how it can be used. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. [pre-print here]

Ramirez-Reyes, C., Brauman, K., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Galford, G., et al (including Dee). (2019) Reimagining the Potential of Earth Observations for Ecosystem Services Assessment. Science of the Total Environment.

Prior to 2018

Xiao, H., Dee, L.E., Chades, I., Sabbadin, R., Peyrard, N., Stringer, M., McDonald-Madden, E. (2018) Win‐wins for biodiversity and ecosystem service conservation depend on the trophic levels of the species providing services.  Journal of Applied Ecology 55: 2160-2170.

Isbell, F., Cowles, J., Dee, L.E., Loreau, M., Reich, P., Gonzalez, A., Hector, A., Schmid, B. (2018) Quantifying effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning across times and places. Ecology Letters 21: 763–778.

Dee, L.E., De Lara, M., Costello, C. & Gaines, S. D. (2017) To what extent can ecosystem services motivate biodiversity protection? Ecology Letters 20: 935-946.  [pdf]  *Received the 2018 Innovations in Sustainability Sciences Award from the Ecological Society of America: more here

Dee, L.E., Thompson, R., Massol, F., Guerrero, A. Bohan, D.A. (2017) Do socio-ecological syndromes predict outcomes for ecosystem services? – a reply to Bodin et al. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 32(8): 549-552. [pdf]

Dee, L.E., Allesina, S., Bonn, A., Eklöf, A., Gaines, S., Hines, J., Jacob, U., McDonald-Madden, E., Possingham, H., Schröter, M., and Thompson, R. (2017) Operationalizing network theory for ecosystem service assessments. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 32(2): 118-130. [pdf]

Runting, R., Bryan, B., Dee, L.E., Maseyk, F., Mandle, L., Hamel, P., Wilson, K., Yetka, K., Possingham, H., Rhodes, J. (2017) Incorporating climate change into ecosystem service assessments and decisions: A review. Global Change Biology. 23, 28–41 [pdf]

O’Connor, M., Gonzalez, A., Byrnes, J., Cardinale, B., Duffy, J.E., Gamfeldt, L., Griffin, J., Hooper, D., Hungate, B., Paquette, A., Thompson, P., Dee, L., Dolan, K. (2017) A general biodiversity-function relationship is mediated by trophic level. Oikos 126, 18-31. [pdf]

Dee, L.E, Miller, S.J., Peavey, L.E., Gentry, R., Bradley, D.E., Startz, D., Gaines, S.D., & Lester, S.E. (2016) Functional diversity of catch mitigates negative effects of temperature variability on fisheries yields. Proceedings of the Royal Society B  283, 20161435.  [pdf]  Press Release 

Pau, S. & Dee, L.E. (2016) Remote sensing of species dominance and the value for quantifying ecosystem services. Remote sensing in Ecology & Conservation 2(3), 141-151. [pdf]

Boersma, K.S., Dee, L.E., Miller, S.J., Bogan, M.T., Lytle, D.A., & Gitelman, A.I. (2016) Linking multidimensional functional diversity to quantitative methods: A graphical hypothesis-evaluation framework. Ecology 97(3), 583–593. [pdf]

Dee, L.E. (2015) Managing ecosystem services in the face of uncertainty: what is the role of biodiversity? PhD Dissertation, Bren School of Environmental Science & Management, University of California, Santa Barbara. 

Papastamatiou, Y., Watanabe, Y., Bradley, D., Dee, L.E., Weng, K., Lowe, C.& Caselle, J. (2015) Active while cooling: daily routines of an ectothermic marine predator. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0127807. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127807 [pdf]

Dee, L.E., Horrii, S.S, D.J. Thornhill. (2014) Conservation and management of the trade in ornamental coral-reef wildlife: successes, shortcomings, and future directions. Biological Conservation 169, 225–237. [pdf]   See the blog summarizing this work & “Press

Balvanera, P., Siddique, I., Dee, L.E., Paquette, A., Isbell, F., Gonzalez, A., Byrnes, J., O’Connor, M.I., Hungate, B., Griffin, J.N. (2014) Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: current uncertainties and the necessary next step. BioScience 64 (1):49-57. [pdf]

Fujita, R., Thornhill, D. J., Karr, K., Cooper, C. H. & Dee, L. E. (2014), Assessing and managing data-limited ornamental fisheries in coral reefs. Fish and Fisheries, 15: 661–675. [pdf]   Press and overview.

J.E.K. Byrnes, L. Gamfeldt, F. Isbell, J.S. Lefcheck, J.N. Griffin, A. Hector, B.J. Cardinale, D.U. Hooper, L.E. Dee, & J.E. Duffy. (2014) Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality: Challenges and solutions. Methods in Ecology & Evolution 5, 111–124. [pdf]

Dee, L.E. & Gerber, L. (2012) Applications of Decision Theory to Conservation Planning and Management. Nature Education Knowledge 3(3):11. [read here, open access]

Dee, L.E., Witman, J.D., & M. Brandt. (2012) Refugia and top-down control of the pencil urchin Eucidaris galapagensis in the Galápagos Marine Reserve, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology, 416-417:135–143. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2012.02.016  [pdf]

Book chapters

Balvanera, P., Quijas, S., Berta Martín-López, S., Barrios, E., Dee, L., Isbell, F., Durance, I., White, P., Blanchard, R., and de Groot, R. (2016):  ‘The links between biodiversity and ecosystem services’ in Potschin, M., Haines-Young, R., Fish, R. and Turner, R.K. (eds) Routledge Handbook of Ecosystem Services. Routledge, London and New York.


Cavender-Bares, J., Arroyo, M., Abell, R, Acklerly, D., Arim, M., Belnap, J., Moya, F., Dee, L., Estrada-Carmona, N., Gobin, J., Isbell, F., Köhler, G., Koops, M., Kraft, N., Macfarlane, N., Mora, A., Piñeiro, G., Martínez-Garza, C., Metzger, J., Oatham, M., Paglia, A., Peri, P., Randall, R., Weis, J., Jaffe, R. Chapter 3: Chapter 3: Status and trends of biodiversity  and ecosystem functions underpinning nature’s benefit to people In IPBES (2018): The IPBES regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for the Americas. Rice, J., Seixas, C. S., Zaccagnini, M. E., Bedoya-Gaitán, M., and Valderrama, N. (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany, pp. 186-323.

Witman, J.D, Brandt, M., and Dee, L.E. (2009) Testing trophic cascades in the Galápagos Marine Reserve: an experimental approach. In: M. Wolff and M.Gardener (eds.), Proceedings of the 2009 Galápagos Science Symposium, Charles Darwin Foundation, Puerto Ayora, Ecuador.